Due to its position in the south-central part of the continent, Romania has a transitional temperate-continental climate, its landforms playing an important role in the distinction of its climatic regions. Romania’s climate is characterized by some oceanic, continental, scandinavian-baltic, sub mediterranean and pontic influences, as follows:
-in the Western part of the country, influences of the low pressure systems from the Atlantic manifest more profoundly, triggering lower temperatures and higher precipitation.
-the Mediterranean influence is present in Banat and Oltenia , characterized by mild winters and higher precipitation (especially in autumn).
-in Dobruja the sea influence reflects itself in rare but torrential precipitation.
-in the Eastern parts of the country, the continental character is seen in the rough climate – arid in the summer, but with strong frosts during winter.
– the scandinavian-baltic influences are present in the northern part of the country (Maramures and Bukovina), which trigger a humid and much colder climate.
The presence of the Carpathians creates some climatic differences which can also be noticed in the higher altitudes. In the high mountains we meet the cool mountain climate, with a high level of humidity present throughout the year. The four seasons (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) have their own particularities when it comes to temperature and precipitation. The average temperature in the winter falls below -3 °C (26.6 F), and during summer the temperature is between 22°C (71.6 F) and 24°C (75.2 F). At the same time you can notice a difference between the north and south of the country with annual average temperatures being somewhere between 11°C (51.8 ° F)in the south and just 8 °C (46,4° F) in the north.